4D: Classify matter as pure substances or mixtures through investigation of their properties.
5B: Identify and explain the properties of chemical families, including alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, halogens, noble gases, and transition metals, using the Periodic Table
7C: Construct electron dot formulas to illustrate ionic and covalent bonds.
7A: Name ionic compounds containing main group or transition metals, covalent compounds, acids, and bases, using International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) nomenclature rules.
7B: Write the chemical formulas of common polyatomic ions, ionic compounds containing main group or transition metals, covalent compounds, acids, and bases
8E: Write and balance chemical equations using the law of conservation of mass.
8G: Perform stoichiometric calculations, including determination of mass and gas volume relationships between reactants and products and percent yield.
9A Describe and calculate the relations between volume, pressure, number of moles, and temperature for an ideal gas as described by Boyle's law, Charles' law, Avogadro's law, Dalton's law of partial pressure, and the ideal gas law.
10C Calculate the concentration of solutions in units of molarity.
10H Define pH and calculate the pH of a solution using the hydrogen ion concentration.
11C Classify reactions as exothermic or endothermic and represent energy changes that occur in chemical reactions using thermochemical equations or graphical analysis.